MaltaWildPlants.com by Stephen Mifsud
 
     
   23 May 2024      ()
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Index of Plant Families (7 families in this page)

MALPHIGIALES
ELATINACEAE
Elatine
EUPHORBIACEAE
Spurge
HYPERICACEAE
Saint John's Wort
LINACEAE
Flax
PASSIFLORACEAE
Passion Flower
SALICACEAE
Willow
VIOLACEAE
Violet
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ELATINACEAE
Dumortier
( Elatine Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Aquatic or marsh herbs. Leaves simple, opposite or whorled, stipulate. Flowers hermaphrodite, regular, hypogynous, 2- to 5-merous, solitary or in cymes. Sepals free or connate at base, as many as petals. Petals free, imbricate. Stamens as many or twice as many as petals. Ovary superior, 2- to 5-locular; styles free; ovules numerous; placentation axile. Fruit a septicidal capsule.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
(Sommier) Brullo, Lanfr., Pavone & Ronsisv.

Main Synonym :
Elatine hydropiper var. gussonei Sommier
Maltese Waterwort,
Maltese Elatine,
Pelagian Elatine
Elatine,
Elatine ta' Malta
Feb-Mar Detailed Profile
with
20
images.


EUPHORBIACEAE
Juss.
( Spurge Family )
Subfamalies: Acalyphoideae; Crotonoideae; Euphorbioideae

Family Description: Dioecious or monoecious herbs or shrubs, often with latex. Leaves usually alternate, simple; usually stipulate. Flowers usually actinomorphic, often apetalous and sometimes without sepals. Male flowers with one to many stamens with free or connate filaments. Female flowers with a usually 3-locular superior ovary and 3 styles; disc usually present, annular, pulvinate or cyathiform; ovules 1-2 in each loculus. Fruit a capsule, often dehiscing explosively; seeds often carunculate.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Telephioides procumbens Moench
Andrachne,
False Orpine,
Bastard Orpine
Andrakne Mar-Oct Normal Profile
with
6
images.
(L.) A.Juss.

Main Synonym :
Croton tinctorius L.
Dyer's Litmus,
Turnsole,
Croton
Turnasol Jun-Sep Detailed Profile
with
37
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Tithymalus aleppicus Klotzsch & Garcke
Aleppo Spurge Tengħud ta' Aleppo May-Aug Normal Profile
with
4
images.
Bruyns

Main Synonym :
Synadenium compactum N.E.Br.
Clustered Spurge Tengħud tal-werqa wiesgħa Mar-Jun Normal Profile
with
7
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Euphorbia tribuloides Lam.
Canary Islands Spurge Tengħud tal-gżejjer tal-Kanarji May-Jul Normal Profile
with
0
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Chamaesyce canescens (L.) Prokh.
Euphorbia prostrata Burch. ex Hemsl.
Small Spurge Ġemmugħa May-Nov Normal Profile
with
5
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Tithymalus characias Hill
Large Mediterranean Spurge,
Large Spurge,
Wulffen Spurge
Tengħud tal-ħaġar Jan-Apr Normal Profile
with
16
images.
(Hoppe ex W.D.J.Koch) Radcl.-Sm.

Main Synonym :
Euphorbia melapetala Gasp.
Large Sicilian Spurge Tengħud tal-ħaġar Sqalli Jan-Apr Normal Profile
with
0
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Tithymalus dendroides Hill
Tree Spurge,
Woody Spurge
Tengħud tas-siġra Jan-Apr Normal Profile
with
18
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Euphorbia pycnophylla (K.U.Kramer & Westra) C.Brullo & Brullo
Dwarf Spurge Tenghud Irqiq Mar-May Normal Profile
with
7
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Tithymalus helioscopius Hill
Sun Spurge,
Sun Euphorbia,
Madwoman's Milk
Tengħud raddiena Nov-May Normal Profile
with
6
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Euphorbia pubescens Vahl
Hairy Spurge,
Pubescent Spurge
Tengħud aħrax Jun-Aug Normal Profile
with
0
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Euphorbia glomerifera (Millsp.) L.C.Wheeler
Graceful spurge,
Golden spurge
Tengħud arbuxxel Dec-Jun Normal Profile
with
7
images.
E.Mey.

Main Synonym :
Euphorbia similis A.Berger
Candelabra tree Tengħud Oħxon May-Jun Normal Profile
with
6
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Chamaesyce maculata Small
Spotted Spurge,
Spotted Sandmat
Ġemmugħa ħamra Apr-Nov Normal Profile
with
5
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Tithymalus flaccidus Moench
Smooth Creeping Milkweed,
Pencil Milk Bush
Tengħud tal-gżejjer tal-Mawrizju Jun-Sep Normal Profile
with
3
images.
Parl.

Main Synonym :
Euphorbia spinosa var. melitensis (Parl.) Fiori
Maltese Spurge Tengħud tax-xagħri Feb-May Normal Profile
with
12
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Tithymalus paralias Hill
Sea Spurge Tengħud tar-ramel May-Aug Normal Profile
with
7
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Chamaesyce peplis (L.) Prokh.
Purple Spurge Ġemmugħa tar-ramel May-Jul Normal Profile
with
4
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Tithymalus auriculatus Lam.
Petty Spurge,
Radium weed,
Cancer plant
Tengħud tal-ġonna Jan-Apr Normal Profile
with
10
images.
DC.

Main Synonym :
Tithymalus peploides Klotzsch & Garcke
Euphorbia peploides Guoan
Dwarf Petty Spurge Tengħud ċkejken tal-ġonna Jan-Apr Normal Profile
with
11
images.
Aiton

Main Synonym :
Chamaesyce prostrata (Aiton) Small
Prostate Spurge,
Prostrate Sandmat,
Small Spurge
Ġemmugħa sufija Apr-Nov Normal Profile
with
7
images.
Willd. ex Klotzsch

Main Synonym :
Poinsettia pulcherrima (Willd. ex Klotzsch) Graham
Poinsettia Punsjetta Dec-Jan Normal Profile
with
9
images.
(L.) Lange

Main Synonym :
Tithymalus pineus Klotzsch & Garcke
Euphorbia pinea L.
Pine Spurge Tengħud komuni Feb-Nov Normal Profile
with
18
images.
Kunth

Main Synonym :
Chamaesyce serpens (Kunth) Small
Euphorbia chamasyce auct. Melit. non Kunth
Matted sandmat Ġemmugħa tat-toroq Apr-Dec Normal Profile
with
9
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Tithymalus terracinus Klotzsch & Garcke
Coastal Spurge,
False Caper,
Geraldton Carnation Weed
Tengħud tax-xatt Apr-Aug Normal Profile
with
8
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Tirucalia indica Raf.
Indian tree spurge,
Pencil Tree,
Naked Lady Tree
Tengħud tal-lapes Apr-Aug Normal Profile
with
4
images.
L.fil.

Main Synonym :
Mercurialis annua var. ambigua (L.f.) Duby
Spanish mercury,
Bisexual annual mercury
Burikba falza Nov-Apr Normal Profile
with
6
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Mercurialis ciliata C.Presl
Annual Mercury,
Mercury Weed,
Annual dog’s mercury
Burikba Nov-Apr Normal Profile
with
15
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Croton spinosus L.
Castor Oil Tree,
Castor Bean
Riġnu Mar-Oct Normal Profile
with
15
images.


HYPERICACEAE
Juss.
( Saint John's Wort Family )
Conservative synonym: Guttiferae
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Shrubs or herbs, with translucent glands containing essential oils and sometimes red or black glands containing hypericin. Leaves simple, opposite, or rarely in whorls of 3-4. Flowers actinomorphic. Sepals imbricate in bud. Petals free, contorted in bud. Stamens in fascicles or apparently indefinite. Ovary superior. Placentation axile or parietal. Seeds without endosperm.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Triadenia aegyptica (L.) Boiss.
Shrubby St. John's Wort,
Egyptian St. John's Wort
Fexfiex tal-irdum Dec-Jul Normal Profile
with
12
images.
Ten.

Main Synonym :
Hypericum humifusum subsp. australe
Southern St John's-wort Maltese name not known Aug-Nov Normal Profile
with
0
images.
Boiss.

Main Synonym :
Hypericum tomentosum L.
Pubescent St. John's Wort Fexfiex sufi Apr-Jul Normal Profile
with
7
images.
Turra

Main Synonym :
Hypericum crispum L.
Wavy-leaved Saint John's Wort,
Curled-leaved Saint John's Wort,
Tangled Hypericum
Fexfiex tar-Raba Jun-Sep Detailed Profile
with
26
images.


LINACEAE
S.F. Gray
( Flax Family )
Subfamalies: Linoideae; Hugonioideae

Family Description: Herbs or small shrubs. Leaves exstipulate, simple, entire. Inflorescence cymose. Flowers 4- or 5-merous, actinomorphic. Sepals free; petals usually free (sometimes joined at base); fertile stamens in one whorl, sometimes with a whorl of staminodes. Ovary superior, usually 8- or 10-celled. Styles usually free. Fruit a loculicidal capsule; seeds usually 1 in each loculus.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
Mill.

Main Synonym :
Linum angustifolium Huds.
Pale Flax Kittien ikħal Apr-May Normal Profile
with
8
images.
Desf.

Main Synonym :
Linum gomezii Sennen & Mauricio
Ascending Flax Kittien aħmar Apr-May Normal Profile
with
3
images.
Desf.

Main Synonym :
Linum rubrum Raf.
Scarlet Flax,
Red Flax,
Flowering Flax
Maltese name not known Apr-Oct Normal Profile
with
0
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Linum sessiliflorum Lam.
Upright Flax,
Upright Yellow Flax
Kittien tal-imħarbat Mar-May Normal Profile
with
12
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Linum gallicum L.
Southern Flax,
French Flax
Kittien isfar irqiq Mar-May Normal Profile
with
12
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Linum humile Mill.
Common Flax,
Flaxseed
Kittien Mar-May Normal Profile
with
14
images.


PASSIFLORACEAE
Juss.
( Passion Flower Family )
Subfamalies: Malesherbioideae; Passifloroideae; Turneroideae

Family Description: Herbaceous or woody climbers with axillary tendrils. Leaves alternate, usually stipulate. Flowers perigynous, usually hermaphrodite, actinomorphic. Hypanthium cup-shaped. Sepals usually 5, free or connate at base, often petaloid. Petals 5, usually free. Corona inserted on the rim of the hypanthium, composed of 1-2 rows of long filaments, 1 row of short filaments and a membrane partially closing the hypanthium. Stamens usually 5, alternating with the petals. Ovary superior, often on a long gynophore, unilocular, with 3(-5) parietal placentae; ovules numerous; stigmas 3-5. Fruit a berry or loculicidal capsule.
1
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Granadilla coerulea Medik.
Passion Flower,
Blue Passion Flower,
Hardy Passion Flower
Fjura tal-passjoni kaħla,
Fjura tal-passjoni komuni
Jun-Oct Normal Profile
with
8
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Passiflora murucuia Mill.
Leafy Passion Flower,
Jamaican Passion Flower
Fjura tal-passjoni taj-Ġamajka May-Aug Normal Profile
with
3
images.
Loiseleur-Deslongchamps

Main Synonym :
Passiflora racemosa × P. caerulea
Violet Passion flower Fjura tal-passjoni vjola May-Jun Normal Profile
with
6
images.


SALICACEAE
Mirbel
( Willow Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Dioecious. Trees or shrubs. Leaves alternate, very rarely opposite; stipules present. Flowers subtended by bracts and arranged in catkins; perianth absent; glands present, sometimes nectariferous. Male flowers with 2 to many stamens; filaments filiform, free or more or less united. Female flowers with 1 unilocular carpel with 2-4 parietal placentae; ovules numerous, ascending, anatropous. Fruit a capsule dehiscing by 2-4 valves. Seeds numerous, very small, each with a tuft of long hairs.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Populus canadensis Moench
White Poplar Siġra tal-Luq,
Luqa
Feb-Mar Normal Profile
with
14
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Populus caudina Ten.
Black Poplar Siġra tal-Luq sewda,
Luqa sewda
Feb-Mar Normal Profile
with
4
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Argorips alba (L.) Raf.
White Willow Żafżafa kbira,
Safsafa kbira
Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
11
images.
Desf.

Main Synonym :
Salix libanii Bornm.
Mediterranean Willow Żafżafa ż-żgħira,
Safsafa ż-żgħira
Feb-Apr Normal Profile
with
16
images.


VIOLACEAE
Batsch.
( Violet Family )
Subfamalies: Fusispermoideae; Leonioideae; Violoideae

Family Description: Small shrubs or herbs. Leaves alternate, stipulate, usually undivided. Flowers hermaphrodite, solitary. Sepals 5, persistent. Petals 5, free. Stamens 5, introrse, connivent round the ovary. Ovary superior, unilocular, with 3 placentas and numerous ovules. Fruit a 3-valved capsule. Seeds endospermic.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Viola stolonifera J.J.Rodr.
Sweet Violet,
English Violet,
Garden Violet
Vjola Feb-Apr Normal Profile
with
13
images.

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