MaltaWildPlants.com by Stephen Mifsud
 
     
   5 Oct 2023      ()
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Index of Plant Families (5 families in this page)

BRASSICALES - The Crucifers and allies
BRASSICACEAE
Mustard or Cress
CAPPARIDACEAE
Caper
CARICACEAE
Papaya
RESEDACEAE
Mignonette
TROPAEOLACEAE
Nasturtium
[ First Page ][ Prev Page ] [ Species Index ] [ Family Index ] [ A-Z Index ][ Next Page ] [ Last Page ]




BRASSICACEAE
Juss.
( Mustard or Cress Family )
Conservative synonym: Cruciferae
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Annual to perennial herbs, rarely small shrubs. Leaves alternate, exstipulate. Flowers usually hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, hypogynous. Sepals 4, free, in 2 decussate pairs. Petals 4, rarely absent, free, clawed, imbricate or contorted, alternating with the sepals. Stamens usually 6, rarely 4, 2 or 0, tetradynamous (an outer pair with short filaments, and 2 inner pairs, 1 posterior and 1 anterior, with long filaments); filaments sometimes winged or with a tooth-like appendage. Nectarial glands of various sizes, shapes, colours and dispositions around the base of the stamens and ovary. Ovary of 2 carpels, syncarpous, with 2 parietal placentas, usually bilocular through the formation of a membranous false septum by the union of outgrowths of the placentas, sometimes transversely plurilocular. Stigma capitate to bilobed. Fruit usually a dehiscent capsule opening by 2 valves from below, called a siliqua when at least 3 times as long as wide or a silicula if less than 3 times as long as wide; sometimes indehiscent, breaking into 1-seeded portions or not; rarely transversely articulate with dehiscent and indehiscent segments; sometimes dividing at maturity into 1-seeded portions (lomentum).
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Biscutella eriocarpa DC.
Buckler Mustard,
Mediterranean Biscutella
Xeħt il-forom Feb-Apr Normal Profile
with
20
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Rapa napus Mill.
Rapeseed,
Oilseed Rape,
Swede
Nevew Feb-Apr Normal Profile
with
0
images.
W.D.J.Koch

Main Synonym :
Brassica bracteolata Fisch. & C.A.Mey.
Black Mustard Mustarda sewda Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
13
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Brassica sylvestris Mill.
Wild Cabbage,
Cabbage,
Cauliflower
Kaboċċa selvaġġa,
Kaboċċa
Mar-May Normal Profile
with
0
images.
(L.) Lam. & Janchen

Main Synonym :
Brassica campestris L.
Wild Turnip,
Bargeman's Cabbage
Liftija Nov-Apr Detailed Profile
with
28
images.
Scop.

Main Synonym :
Bunias cakile L.
Sea Rocket,
European Sea Rocket
Kromb il-baħar Dec-Aug Normal Profile
with
13
images.
Medik.

Main Synonym :
Capsella apetala Opiz
Shepherd's Purse Ġarġir il-ġemel Dec-Jun Normal Profile
with
10
images.
Reut.

Main Synonym :
Capsella bursa-pastoris var. rubella (Reut.) Hobk.
Red Shepherd's Purse,
Pink Shepherd's Purse
Ġarġir il-ġemel ħamra Dec-Jun Normal Profile
with
8
images.
With.

Main Synonym :
Cardamine hirsuta subsp. flexuosa O.E.Schulz
Wavy Bittercress,
Woodland Bittercress
Maltese name not known Feb-Jun Normal Profile
with
0
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Cardamine umbrosa Wimm. & Grab.
Hairy Bittercress,
Land Cress,
Lamb's Cress
Maltese name not known Feb-Jun Normal Profile
with
11
images.
(Gouan) Alcaraz, T.E.Díaz, Rivas Mart. & Sánchez-Gómez

Main Synonym :
Erucastrum tournefortii Link
Brassica tournefortii Gouan
Tournefort's Cabbage,
Sahara Mustard,
Asian Mustard
Kaboċċa ta' Twurneforti Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
3
images.
(L.) Dumortier

Main Synonym :
Conringia austriaca (Jacq.) Sweet
Hare's Ear Mustard,
Hare's Ear Cabbage
Maltese name not known Jun-Sep Normal Profile
with
0
images.
(L.) Webb ex Prantl

Main Synonym :
Sisymbrium sophia L.
Flixweed,
Tansy Mustard,
Herb Sophia
Maltese name not known May-Jul Normal Profile
with
0
images.
(L.) DC.

Main Synonym :
Sinapis erucoides L.
White Wall Rocket,
White Rocket
Ġarġir abjad Oct-May Detailed Profile
with
49
images.
(L.) DC.

Main Synonym :
Diplotaxis fruticulosa Tod. ex Caruel
Perennial Wall Rocket,
Sand Rocket,
Slim-leaved Wall Rocket
Ġarġir isfar Oct-Jun Detailed Profile
with
36
images.
(L.) DC.

Main Synonym :
Diplotaxis prolongoi Boiss.
Southern Rocket Aruka selvaġġa Jan-Apr Normal Profile
with
8
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Erophila vulgaris DC.
Erophila verna (L.) DC.
Common Whitlow Grass Maltese name not known Feb-Apr Normal Profile
with
0
images.
(Pers.) DC.

Main Synonym :
Raphanus pterocarpus Pers.
Winged Radish Ravanell tal-Eġittu Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
3
images.
(L.) Cav.

Main Synonym :
Eruca sativa (L.) Mill.
Salad Mustard,
Rucola,
Spiked Rocket
Aruka,
Rukola
Apr-May Normal Profile
with
7
images.
(L.) Crantz

Main Synonym :
Cheiranthus cheiri L.
Wallflower,
English Wallflower,
Aegean Wallflower
Ġiżi safra Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
0
images.
(L.) Lagr.-Foss.

Main Synonym :
Brassica adpressa Boiss.
Hoary Mustard,
Short-podded Mustard,
Buchan Weed
Mustarda selvaġġa Feb-May Detailed Profile
with
27
images.
(Jord.) Giardina & Raimondo

Main Synonym :
Hutchinsia procumbens forma sommieri Pamp.
Hymenolobus revelierei subsp. sommieri (Pamp.) Brullo
Maltese Hymenolobus Ġargir ta' Kemmuna Feb-May Normal Profile
with
0
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Cochlearia humifusa Michx.
Coronopus didymus (L.) Sm.
Lesser Swine Cress Koronopu tal-wied Mar-May Normal Profile
with
9
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Lepidium arvense Mill.
Cardaria draba Desv.
Whitetop Plant,
Hoary Cress
Maltese name not known Apr-May Normal Profile
with
9
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Lepidium suffruticosum L.
Grass-leaved Pepperwort,
Grass-leaved Pepperweed
Buttuniera wieqfa May-Oct Normal Profile
with
8
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Nasturtium sativum Moench
Garden Cress,
Garden Cress Pepperweed
Maltese name not known May-Jul Normal Profile
with
4
images.
(L.) Al-Shehbaz

Main Synonym :
Cochlearia coronopus L.
Coronopus squamatus (Forrskål) Ascherson
Swine Cress,
Greater Swinecress
Koronopu Feb-Jun Normal Profile
with
12
images.
(L.) Desv.

Main Synonym :
Alyssum maritimum (L.) Lam.
Sweet Alyssum,
Sweet Alison
Buttuniera Oct-Jun Detailed Profile
with
40
images.
(L.) W.T.Aiton

Main Synonym :
Matthiola glabra DC.
Hoary Stocks,
Tenweek's Stock,
Brampton Stock
Giżi Feb-May Normal Profile
with
12
images.
Brullo, Lanfr., Pavone & Ronsisv.

Main Synonym :
No synonyms for this species
Maltese Stocks Giżi ta' Malta Mar-May Normal Profile
with
25
images.
DC.

Main Synonym :
Cheiranthus longipetalus Vent.
Night-scented Stock,
Evening Scent
Giżi ta' lejl Apr-May Normal Profile
with
7
images.
DC.

Main Synonym :
Matthiola glandulosa Pomel
Spanish stocks Giżi ta' Spanja Apr-May Normal Profile
with
0
images.
(L.) W.T.Aiton

Main Synonym :
Cheiranthus tricuspidatus L.
Three-horned Stocks Ġiżi tal-baħar Mar-Jun Normal Profile
with
10
images.
R. Br.

Main Synonym :
Nasturtium aquaticum Wahlenb.
Watercress Krexxuni,
Sija
Feb-May Normal Profile
with
10
images.
(Velen.) Bornm.

Main Synonym :
Neslia apiculata Fisch., C.A.Mey. & Avé-Lall.
Ball mustard Maltese name not known Feb-Apr Normal Profile
with
7
images.
(L.) Al-Shehbaz

Main Synonym :
Thlaspi perfoliatum L.
Perfoliate Penny Cress Maltese name not known Jan-Jun Normal Profile
with
0
images.
(Moretti ex DC.) Bonnier & Layens

Main Synonym :
Raphanistrum landra Rchb.
Italian Wild Radish Maltese name not known Apr-Sep Normal Profile
with
8
images.
(Sm.) Thell.

Main Synonym :
Raphanus maritimus Sm.
Maritime Wild radish Ravanell salvaġġ tal-baħar Apr-Sep Normal Profile
with
9
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Raphanus sylvestris Lam.
Wild Radish,
Jointed-podded Charlock,
White Charlock
Ravanell salvaġġ Dec-May Detailed Profile
with
59
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Raphanus raphanistrum subsp. sativus (L.) Domin
Garden Radish,
Cultivated Radish
Ravanell May-Aug Normal Profile
with
0
images.
(L.) All.

Main Synonym :
Myagrum rugosum L.
Annual Bastard Cabbage,
Turnip Weed
Mustarda taż-żibeġ Feb-Apr Normal Profile
with
5
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Brassica alba (L.) Rabenh.
White Mustard,
White Charlock,
Yellow Mustard
Mustarda,
Mustarda Bajda
Dec-Apr Detailed Profile
with
48
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Brassica arvensis (L.) Rabenh.
Charlock,
Charlock Mustard
Mustarda selvaġġa Jan-May Normal Profile
with
7
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Sisymbrium pannonicum Jacq.
Tumble Mustard,
Tall Tumble Mustard,
Tall Rocket
Maltese name not known Apr-Jul Normal Profile
with
6
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Sisymbrium erysimastrum Lam.
London Rocket Libsiena komuni Feb-Jun Normal Profile
with
10
images.
(L.) Scop.

Main Synonym :
Erysimum officinale L.
Hedge Mustard,
Tumble Weed,
Hedge Wild Mustard
Mustarda rqiqa,
Libsiena
Mar-Jun Detailed Profile
with
31
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Sisymbrium columnae Jacq.
Oriental Hedge Mustard,
Indian Hedge Mustard,
Eastern Rocket
Maltese name not known Mar-Jun Normal Profile
with
0
images.


CAPPARIDACEAE
Juss.
( Caper Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Herbs, shrubs or trees. Leaves simple, or ternate to palmate, alternate, stipulate or not; stipules sometimes spinose. Flowers solitary or in racemes, actinomorphic or more usually zygomorphic, hermaphrodite. Sepals 4. Petals 4. Stamens 6 to many. Ovary 1, superior, on a gynophore; carpels 2. Fruit a 2-valved, unilocular capsule, or a berry.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
Duhamel

Main Synonym :
Capparis spinosa subsp. rupestris (Sm.) Nyman
Caper bush,
Spineless Caper
Kappar Apr-Aug Normal Profile
with
14
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Capparis parviflora Hook.f. & Thomson
Spiny Caper Kappar tax-xewk Apr-Aug Normal Profile
with
7
images.


CARICACEAE
Dumort.
( Papaya Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Description text for this family is under progress and unavailable at the moment ...
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Papaya vulgaris DC.
Papaya Papajja,
Siġra tal-Papajja
Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
12
images.


RESEDACEAE
S.F. Gray
( Mignonette Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Annual to perennial herbs, rarely woody, with alternate, simple or pinnatifid leaves. Flowers in terminal, bracteate racemes or spikes. Sepals 4-8; petals 4-8, free, entire or laciniate; stamens 7-25, inserted on a hypogynous or perigynous, often eccentric disc. Carpels 3-7, superior, free and uniovulate or united into a unilocular ovary which is open above, with numerous ovules on parietal placentae. Fruit a capsule open at the top or consisting of 4-7 1-seeded, radiating carpels. Seeds suborbicular or reniform, without endosperm.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Reseda fruticulosa L.
White Mignonette,
White Upright Mignonette,
Upright Mignonette
Denb il-ħaruf abjad Dec-May Normal Profile
with
13
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Reseda mucronata Tineo
Wild Mignonette,
Yellow Mignonette
Denb il-ħaruf isfar Apr-Jul Normal Profile
with
4
images.


TROPAEOLACEAE
DC.
( Nasturtium Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Flowers solitary, axillary, hypogynous, zygomorphic, hermaphrodite. Sepals 5, the dorsal produced into a spur; petals 5, clawed; stamens 8, free, unequal; ovary 3-locular, each loculus with 1 pendent ovule; placentation axile; style 1, apical; stigmas 3, linear. Fruit of 3 indehiscent, 1-seeded carpels, which separate from the central axis when mature.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Trophaeum majus Kuntze
Garden Nasturtium,
Indian Cress,
Monk's Cress
Kapuċċinella,
Kaboċċinella
Oct-Apr Detailed Profile
with
53
images.

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