by Stephen Mifsud
   22 Jun 2024      ()
External Links:

Euphorbia segetalis var. pinea   (Pine Spurge)

Euphorbia segetalis var. pinea  (EUPHORBIACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

Page Contents + Links

General Information Species Images
External Links Support and sales
Submit information Facebook community
Sponsors & Adverts Copyright notes
Euphorbiaceae Index Plant Family Index
This profile is brought to you by one of the website's sponsors.
[read more...]
Profile Date May-2006 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Euphorbia segetalis var. pinea - datasheet created on May-2006. Retrieved from on 22-Jun-2024

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Euphorbia segetalis var. pinea(L.) Lange
Published in Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 499 (1877)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Tithymalus pineus Klotzsch & Garcke
Synonym that was used for long in Malta: Euphorbia pinea L.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Euphorbiaceae Juss. (The Spurge Family)
30 species from the Euphorbiaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Pine Spurge

Maltese name(s) :

Tengħud komuni

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent    Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: CHAMEOPHYTE ( dwarf or small woody shrubs )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

February – November

Colour of Flowers:

Inconspicuous or Green


May cause allergic reactions or irritation in contact with the skin or mucous membranes

Name Derivation :

Euphorbia: Named for Euphorbus, a Greek physician to Juba II - King of Mauretania of Numibia (52-50 BC - 23 AD), who might have used a certain plant in allusion to his swollen belly, possibly the plant Euphorbia resinifera. (Further info: [link]). Euphorbus can have also been derived from 'Eu-' = good or true and '-phorbe' = pasture or fodder, thus giving the meaning well-fed or provides a fat-belly from consumption. (Greek origin )
segetalis var. pinea:

Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Open, sandy ground, often near the sea.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Waste places and the margins of fields.
Botanical Description: Glabrous annual up to 35 cm, rarely perennating, simple or branched from the base, with (0-)4-5 axillary rays. Leaves 10-30(-60) x 1-3 mm, linear to linear-lanceolate, entire. Ray-leaves elliptic-oblong. Raylet-leaves deltate-rhombic, obtuse; base cuneate to subcordate. Rays 5(-6), up to 5 times dichotomous. Glands emarginate or with 2, rarely 4, horns. Capsule 2.5-3 x 3-3.5 mm, deeply sulcate, granulate-rugulose on the keels. Seeds 1.5-2 mm, ovoid, pale grey.
Chromosome number: 2n=16
Distributional range: S. W. Europe and Mediterranean region, eastwards to N. W. Jugoslavia locally naturalized in C. Europe as a weed.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
the Balaeric Islands, Corse, Doubtful in Crete, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Portugal, Introduced in  Czeck Republic and Slovakia, Germany, Switzerland, Hungary, Romania
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
Ag Al Az Bl Ca Co Cr Ga He Hs Hu It Ju Lu Ma Md Rm Sa Si Tu(A) [Cz Ge]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (18 images)
   Euphorbia segetalis var. pinea   -   Image Code: EUPSG-0.
   Euphorbia segetalis var. pinea   -   Image Code: EUPSG-1.
   Euphorbia segetalis var. pinea   -   Image Code: EUPSG-2.
   Euphorbia segetalis var. pinea   -   Image Code: EUPSG-3.
   Euphorbia segetalis var. pinea   -   Image Code: EUPSG-4.
   Euphorbia segetalis var. pinea   -   Image Code: EUPSG-5.
   Euphorbia segetalis var. pinea   -   Image Code: EUPSG-6.
   Euphorbia segetalis var. pinea   -   Image Code: EUPSG-7.
   Euphorbia segetalis var. pinea   -   Image Code: EUPSG-8.
   Euphorbia segetalis var. pinea   -   Image Code: EUPSG-9.
   Euphorbia segetalis var. pinea   -   Image Code: EUPSG-10.
   Euphorbia segetalis var. pinea   -   Image Code: EUPSG-11.
   Euphorbia segetalis var. pinea   -   Image Code: EUPSG-12.
   Euphorbia segetalis var. pinea   -   Image Code: EUPSG-13.
   Euphorbia segetalis var. pinea   -   Image Code: EUPSG-14.
   Euphorbia segetalis var. pinea   -   Image Code: EUPSG-15.
   Euphorbia segetalis var. pinea   -   Image Code: EUPSG-16.
   Euphorbia segetalis var. pinea   -   Image Code: EUPSG-17.

Buy Seeds and Docs
Sales of seeds of wild plants for academic studies, research or personal use. Note that not all species seeds can be exported - depending on Maltese regulations and CITES, and availability depends on season. You are hence kindly requested to first fill and submit a quotation form by which you will get confirmation of the purchase, availability and charges. Currently local orders are not taken.   Online Quotation (Seeds)

Buy images found in this large online collection of Maltese flora photographed by the author (Stephen Mifsud). Prices reasonable and rated differently according size and resolution. Buying images for your projects will support this website. When placing an order please take note of the image code specific for every image in the corresponding species webpage (found beneath each individual photo) since this is required when filling the online ordering form. Images are normally sold as a license with the copyright reserved to the author, but sales of copyright of exceptional images can be considered.   Online Purchase (Images)
Kindly consider to support this website by giving a small donation. This will help to cover some expenses needed to maintain the website and its further development without any adverts. Please login into your PayPal account and use the email: as email address to send your donation   Online Donation

Use this form to submit more information on this species or report mistakes in this webpage. If information supplied is taken from a book, journal or website, please provide the corresponding reference or website address. Your email address is only for internal communication. Please report only Maltese locations for plants that indicated as rare or very rare (refer to the nomenclature section above). Please do report mistakes, broken links, technical errors, typing / grammar errors, misidentifications or taxonomical updates; this will help to improve the website's accuracy. Thanks you! Fill any of the three sections (A/B/C) below and kindly submit the form.     * = required fields.
Plant Species:  *
Your name:   * Your Email:   *
Section A:  Additional Information about this plant species
Own observations: Info from published material (books, journals, website):
Reference of published material:
Section B:   Where have you seen this plant on the Maltese Islands?
Locations in Malta or Gozo where you have seen this plant. Only applies for rare plants.

1:       2:       3:   
4:       5:       6:   
Try to be as concise as possible. Examples: Dingli Cliffs (near chapel), Wied Incita (Zebbug side), Triq il-Kbira (Qormi), Barriera ta' Ghajn Abdul (Xlendi), Fields East of Salib tal-gholja (Siggiewi). GPS co-ordinates are also welcomed!
Section C:  Corrections for mistakes and errors in this plant profile
Section of this page where you found an error (select one)
What is the error/mistake and suggest a correction
AntiSpam Verification: Please answer these simple questions:   70 + 8 =     This website is about
      is supported by:
[ EcoGozo, Ministry for Gozo ] [ Projects in Motion ] [ Sunrise Pet & Garden Centre] [ MycoMalta ]
Webpage is copyright of Stephen Mifsud / - (2002-2022)