MaltaWildPlants.com by Stephen Mifsud
 
     
   6 Dec 2023      ()
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Index of Plant Families (3 families in this page)

GENTIALES and allies
APOCYNACEAE
Dogbane
GENTIANACEAE
Gentian
RUBIACEAE
Bedstraw
[ First Page ][ Prev Page ] [ Species Index ] [ Family Index ] [ A-Z Index ][ Next Page ] [ Last Page ]




APOCYNACEAE
Juss.
( Dogbane Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Small trees, shrubs, or herbs, with poisonous latex. Leaves simple, exstipulate, with glands in or above the axils. Flowers solitary or in cymes, hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, 5-merous. Corolla with oblique lobes, contorted in bud. Stamens 5; anthers introrse, closely surrounding the stigma. Ovary superior; carpels 2, usually free, united by a single style above. Fruit of two fusiform follicles, usually opening by the ventral suture; rarely only one follicle developing.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Asclepias bicolor Moench
Scarlet Milkweed,
Bloodflower,
Silkweed
It-tuffieħ tal-Fodsqa,
Qarn il-Ħarir
May-Jul Normal Profile
with
0
images.
(L.) G. Don

Main Synonym :
Vinca rosea L.
Madagascar Periwinkle,
Rose Periwinkle,
Cape Perwinkle
Pervinka roża Jun-Nov Normal Profile
with
11
images.
(L.) W.T.Aiton

Main Synonym :
Asclepias fruticosa L.
Swan Plant Milkweed,
Tennis Ball Bush,
African Milkweed
Siġret it-tuffieħ tal-Fodsqa,
Siġret Qarn il-Ħarir
May-Aug Normal Profile
with
6
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Oleander vulgaris Medik.
Oleander,
Rose Bay
Difla,
Olejandru,
Siġret il-Ġarab
Apr-Dec Normal Profile
with
11
images.
Labill.

Main Synonym :
Periploca laevigata subsp. angustifolia (Labill.) Markgr.
African Wolfbane,
Wolfbane
Siġret il-ħarir,
Siġra tal-Ħarir
Nov-Apr Detailed Profile
with
45
images.
(Pers.) K.Schum.

Main Synonym :
Cascabela thevetia (L.) Lippold
Yellow Oleander,
Lucky Nut,
Mexican Oleander
Tevja Jun-Oct Normal Profile
with
4
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Pervinca major Garsault
Greater Periwinkle,
Blue Bottons
Pervinka,
Vinka tal-warda kbira,
Dliel il-Madliena
Mar-Jun Normal Profile
with
9
images.


GENTIANACEAE
Juss.
( Gentian Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Glabrous bitter-tasting herbs. Leaves opposite (very rarely some alternate), entire, exstipulate, usually sessile and often connate at the base. Flowers 4- to 5(to 12)-merous, actinomorphic. Calyx more or less deeply lobed. Corolla-lobes contorted in bud. Stamens inserted on the corolla-tube. Ovary superior, 1-locular, with 2 parietal placentae, rarely almost 2-locular owing to the intrusive placentae; ovules numerous. Fruit a septicidal capsule.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
(L.) Huds.

Main Synonym :
Gentiana perfoliata L.
Yellow-Wort Ċentawrija safra Mar-Jun Normal Profile
with
11
images.
Rafn

Main Synonym :
Erythraea centaurium Borkh.
Common Centaury,
European Centaury
Ċentawrija kbira,
Ċappisa
Mar-May Normal Profile
with
11
images.
(Sw.) Druce

Main Synonym :
Erythraea pulchellum
Lesser Centaury,
Branched Centaury
Ċentawrija żgħira Apr-May Normal Profile
with
11
images.
(Hoffmanns. & Link) Fritsch

Main Synonym :
Erythraea pulchellum var. tenuiflorum
Slender Centaury Ċentawrija rqiqa Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with
12
images.
(L.) G.Mans.

Main Synonym :
Gentiana spicata  L.
Centaurium spicatum (L.) Fritsch
Spiked Centaury Ċentawrija tal-virga Apr-Jul Normal Profile
with
11
images.


RUBIACEAE
Juss.
( Bedstraw Family )
Subfamalies: Cinchonoideae; Ixoroideae; Rubioideae

Family Description: Herbs or dwarf shrubs. Leaves nearly always opposite, simple, entire; stipules separate, connate or divided, sometimes leaf-like and then forming whorls of 4-12 apparent leaves. Inflorescence thyrsoid, paniculate or corymbose, sometimes condensed to a spike or head, or reduced. Flowers actinomorphic, usually hermaphrodite. Sepals usually free, sometimes reduced or absent. Sympetalous; corolla hypocrateriform, infundibuliform, cupshaped or rotate. Stamens epipetalous, alternating with the lobes of the corolla. Ovary inferior, usually 2-locular and with a disc; loculi with 1-numerous ovules. Style simple or 2-fid. Fruit dry, dividing into mericarps, or fleshy. Seeds endospermic.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
Nyman

Main Synonym :
Asperula cynanchica var. aristata
Southern Squinancywort Asperula Oct-Mar Normal Profile
with
12
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Asperula collina Salisb.
Squinancywort Maltese name not known Oct-Mar Normal Profile
with
9
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Crucianella maritima subsp. rupestris (Guss.) Nyman
Crucianella rupestris Guss.
Rock Crucianella,
Rock Crosswort,
Coastal Crucianella
Kruċanella Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with
6
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Aparine vulgaris Hill
Cleavers,
Goosegrass,
Sticky Willy
Ħarxajja komuni Mar-May Normal Profile
with
9
images.
All.

Main Synonym :
Sherardia muralis L.
Yellow Bedstraw Ħarxajja safra Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
8
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Galium pauciflorum Bunge
False Cleavers Ħarxajja Mar-May Normal Profile
with
5
images.
Dandy

Main Synonym :
Galium tricorne Stokes
Corn Cleavers,
Three-horned Bedstraw
Ħarxajja ta' tlett iqran Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
9
images.
Huds.

Main Synonym :
Galium saccharatum All.
Southern Cleavers,
Warty Bedstraw
Ħarxajja tal-felul Mar-May Normal Profile
with
11
images.
(L.fil.) M.Backlund & Thulin

Main Synonym :
Asperula calabrica L. fil.
Putoria calabrica (L.) DC.
Stinking Madder Putorja May-Jun Normal Profile
with
9
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Rubia tinctorium Salisb.
Wild Madder,
Etruscan Madder,
European Wild Madder
Ħarxajja selvaġġa,
Robbja selvaġġa
Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with
11
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Sherardia umbellata Gilib.
Field Madder,
Blue Field Madder
Ħarxajja tal-għelieqi,
Ħarxajja roża
Feb-May Normal Profile
with
12
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Cynocrambe prostrata Gaertn.
Dog Cabbage Ħabaq il-ħnieżer Dec-May Normal Profile
with
7
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Valantia filiformis Lojac.
Hairy Valantia Valantja niggieża Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
5
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Valantia quadriflora Moench
Wall Valantia Valantja komuni Feb-May Normal Profile
with
13
images.
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