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   24 Oct 2021      ()
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Tetraclinis articulata   (Sandarac Gum Tree)


Tetraclinis articulata  (CUPRESSACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 2-Jan-2020)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2-Jan-2020) Tetraclinis articulata retrieved from MaltaWildPlants.com on 24-Oct-2021

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Tetraclinis articulata(Vahl) Masters
Published in Jour. Roy. Hort. Soc. 14: 250 (1892)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Thuja articulata
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] [Worldplants.de]

Plant Family :

Cupressaceae Barlett (The Cypress Family)
5 species from the Cupressaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Sandarac Gum Tree, Mediterranean Alerce, Arar Tree

Maltese name(s) :

Siġra tal-Għargħar, Għargħar

Status for Malta :

Native_n

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Macro-Phanerophyte ( high trees usually over 10 m high )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Protected by law: Schedule I of [S.L. 549.123] AND schedule III and VI [S.L. 549.44] (Strictly protected tree species)

Red List (1989) :

Threatened status for the Maltese Islands and has been listed in the Red Data Book (1st ed.)

Flowering Time :

All year

Colour of Flowers:

Inconspicuous

Name Derivation :

Tetraclinis:
articulata:

Remarks :

This is the national tree of Malta. Was believed to be common on the Maltese islands long time ago, but now restricted in few sites and quite rare. Recentely it has been cultivated and used in agriculture and afforestation projects.


Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Wooded cliffs near the sea
Preferred habitat in Malta: Maquis, now confined to edges of escarpments but also cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks.
Botanical Description: Monoecious, pyramidal tree, 12-15 m high. Buds concealed by the leaves. Twigs flattened. Leaves in groups of 4, the lateral ones larger than the others, all adnate to the twig except at the scale-like apex. Cone solitary, valvate, woody, 8-12 mm in diameter; scales 4, glaucous, triangular, 2 obtuse and 2 acute at the apex, deeply grooved, with a small spine near the apex Seeds with 2 wide wings.
Distributional range: S.E. Spain (near Cartagena), Malta and N.W. Africa

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Sicily and/or Malta
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
? Ag Hs(S) Li Ma Si(M) Tn [Ca(C) nCy]

Links & Further literature (1 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate

Wikipedia

JSTOR

GBIF

Med Checklist

Cat. of Life

EoL

IPNI

World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium

MNHN

Arkive

IUCN

CABI
A complex genetic structure of Tetraclinis articulata (Cupressaceae) in the western Mediterranean Juan Luis García-Castaño, Francisco Balao, María Teresa Lorenzo, Errol Véla, Seghir Hadjadj-Aoul, Stephen Mifsud, And Anass Terrab  (2018)
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (25 images)
   Tetraclinis articulata   -   Image Code: TCLAR-0.
   Tetraclinis articulata   -   Image Code: TCLAR-1.
   Tetraclinis articulata   -   Image Code: TCLAR-2.
   Tetraclinis articulata   -   Image Code: TCLAR-3.
   Tetraclinis articulata   -   Image Code: TCLAR-4.
   Tetraclinis articulata   -   Image Code: TCLAR-5.
   Tetraclinis articulata   -   Image Code: TCLAR-6.
   Tetraclinis articulata   -   Image Code: TCLAR-7.
   Tetraclinis articulata   -   Image Code: TCLAR-8.
   Tetraclinis articulata   -   Image Code: TCLAR-9.
   Tetraclinis articulata   -   Image Code: TCLAR-10.
   Tetraclinis articulata   -   Image Code: TCLAR-11.
   Tetraclinis articulata   -   Image Code: TCLAR-12.
   Tetraclinis articulata   -   Image Code: TCLAR-13.
   Tetraclinis articulata   -   Image Code: TCLAR-14.
   Tetraclinis articulata   -   Image Code: TCLAR-15.
   Tetraclinis articulata   -   Image Code: TCLAR-16.
   Tetraclinis articulata   -   Image Code: TCLAR-17.
   Tetraclinis articulata   -   Image Code: TCLAR-18.
   Tetraclinis articulata   -   Image Code: TCLAR-19.
   Tetraclinis articulata   -   Image Code: TCLAR-20.
   Tetraclinis articulata   -   Image Code: TCLAR-21.
   Tetraclinis articulata   -   Image Code: TCLAR-22.
   Tetraclinis articulata   -   Image Code: TCLAR-23.
   Tetraclinis articulata   -   Image Code: TCLAR-24.

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