MaltaWildPlants.com by Stephen Mifsud
 
     
   24 Oct 2021      ()
External Links:
 


Cheirolophus crassifolius   (Maltese Rock-Centaury)


Cheirolophus crassifolius  (ASTERACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

Page Contents + Links

 
General Information Species Images
External Links Support and sales
Submit information Facebook community
Sponsors & Adverts Copyright notes
Asteraceae Index Plant Family Index
 
This profile is brought to you by one of the website's sponsors.
[read more...]
Profile Date July-2006 (last update: 2-Jan-2020)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2-Jan-2020) Cheirolophus crassifolius retrieved from MaltaWildPlants.com on 24-Oct-2021

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Cheirolophus crassifolius(Bertoloni) Susanna
Published in Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 71: 192 (1976)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Palaeocyanus crassifolius
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] [Worldplants.de]

Plant Family :

Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl (=Compositae) (The Daisy or Sunflower Family)
124 species from the Asteraceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Maltese Rock-Centaury, Malta Knapweed

Maltese name(s) :

Widnet il-Baħar

Status for Malta :

Endemic_n

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: HEMICRYPTOPHYTE ( prostate plants with flowers close to the ground )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Protected by law: Regulation 26 and Schedule III of [S.L. 549.44] (Strictly protected endemic species)

Red List (1989) :

Threatened status for the Maltese Islands and has been listed in the Red Data Book (1st ed.)

Flowering Time :

May – July

Colour of Flowers:

Violet

Name Derivation :

Cheirolophus: "One source gives 'Cheiri' as red-flowered, while another says 'Cheir' means a hand. The term 'lophus' means a crest of tufts. The most logical explanation would be that the name means a ""crested red flowers"" referring to the red-purple flowers with a crest-like tufts.". (Greek origin )
crassifolius: Derived from 'crassi' = thick and 'folius' = leaf, hence thick-leafed. (Latin origin )

Remarks :

This species is the National Plant of Malta.


Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Maritime cliffs
Preferred habitat in Malta: Coralline limestone cliffs and elevated valley sides.
Botanical Description: Erect, perennial, glabrous herb. Stem up to 50 cm, branched above. Leaves undivided, up to 6 x 1.5 cm, almost all in a basal rosette, oblanceolate-spathulate, fleshy. Capitula terminal, long-pedunculate, ovoid. Involucre 20-25 mm in diameter; bracts coriaceous with entire margin and without appendage; middle bracts ovate, obtuse, finely striate. Florets all tubular, purple or white. Anthers with acuminate apical appendage. Achenes 6-8 mm, glabrous. Pappus white, slightly longer than the achene, with 2 rows of equal, scabrid setae, the inner row scale-like.
Chromosome number: 2n=30
Distributional range: Malta and Gozo.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Sicily and/or Malta
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
? Si(M)

Links & Further literature (3 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate

Wikipedia

JSTOR

GBIF

Med Checklist

Cat. of Life

EoL

IPNI

World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium

MNHN

Arkive

IUCN

CABI
Assessment of Cheirolophus crassifolius for IUCN Redlist Darrin Stevens & Edwin lanfranco  (2006)
Distribution of some rare or endemic chasmophytic and rupestral species growing along the coastal cliffs of the Maltese Islands Stephen Mifsud  (2013)
Cytogenetic insights into an oceanic island radiation: The dramatic evolution of pre-existing traits in Cheirolophus (Asteraceae: Cardueae: Centaureinae) Oriane Hidalgo, Daniel Vitales, Joan Valles, Teresa Garnatje, Sonja Siljak-Yakovlev, Ilia J. Leitch & Jaume Pellicer  (2017)
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (17 images)
   Cheirolophus crassifolius   -   Image Code: CHLCF-0.
   Cheirolophus crassifolius   -   Image Code: CHLCF-1.
   Cheirolophus crassifolius   -   Image Code: CHLCF-2.
   Cheirolophus crassifolius   -   Image Code: CHLCF-3.
   Cheirolophus crassifolius   -   Image Code: CHLCF-4.
   Cheirolophus crassifolius   -   Image Code: CHLCF-5.
   Cheirolophus crassifolius   -   Image Code: CHLCF-6.
   Cheirolophus crassifolius   -   Image Code: CHLCF-7.
   Cheirolophus crassifolius   -   Image Code: CHLCF-8.
   Cheirolophus crassifolius   -   Image Code: CHLCF-9.
   Cheirolophus crassifolius   -   Image Code: CHLCF-10.
   Cheirolophus crassifolius   -   Image Code: CHLCF-11.
   Cheirolophus crassifolius   -   Image Code: CHLCF-12.
   Cheirolophus crassifolius   -   Image Code: CHLCF-13.
   Cheirolophus crassifolius   -   Image Code: CHLCF-14.
   Cheirolophus crassifolius   -   Image Code: CHLCF-15.
   Cheirolophus crassifolius   -   Image Code: CHLCF-16.

Buy Seeds and Docs
Sales of seeds of wild plants for academic studies, research or personal use. Note that not all species seeds can be exported - depending on Maltese regulations and CITES, and availability depends on season. You are hence kindly requested to first fill and submit a quotation form by which you will get confirmation of the purchase, availability and charges. Currently local orders are not taken.   Online Quotation (Seeds)

  Online Purchase (Seeds)
Buy images found in this large online collection of Maltese flora photographed by the author (Stephen Mifsud). Prices reasonable and rated differently according size and resolution. Buying images for your projects will support this website. When placing an order please take note of the image code specific for every image in the corresponding species webpage (found beneath each individual photo) since this is required when filling the online ordering form. Images are normally sold as a license with the copyright reserved to the author, but sales of copyright of exceptional images can be considered.   Online Purchase (Images)
Kindly consider to support this website by giving a small donation. This will help to cover some expenses needed to maintain the website and its further development without and tedious adverts. Please bear in mind that a large and updated website about the flora of Malta requires lot of time and work.   Online Donation


Submit further info on this species
Use this form to submit more information on this species or report mistakes in this webpage. If information supplied is taken from a book, journal or website, please provide the corresponding reference or website address. Your email address is only for internal communication. Please report only Maltese locations for plants that indicated as rare or very rare (refer to the nomenclature section above). Please do report mistakes, broken links, technical errors, typing / grammar errors, misidentifications or taxonomical updates; this will help to improve the website's accuracy. Thanks you! Fill any of the three sections (A/B/C) below and kindly submit the form.     * = required fields.
Plant Species:  *
Your name:   * Your Email:   *
 
Section A:  Additional Information about this plant species
Own observations: Info from published material (books, journals, website):
Reference of published material:
 
Section B:   Where have you seen this plant on the Maltese Islands?
Locations in Malta or Gozo where you have seen this plant. Only applies for rare plants.

1:       2:       3:   
4:       5:       6:   
Try to be as concise as possible. Examples: Dingli Cliffs (near chapel), Wied Incita (Zebbug side), Triq il-Kbira (Qormi), Barriera ta' Ghajn Abdul (Xlendi), Fields East of Salib tal-gholja (Siggiewi). GPS co-ordinates are also welcomed!
Section C:  Corrections for mistakes and errors in this plant profile
Section of this page where you found an error (select one)
What is the error/mistake and suggest a correction
AntiSpam Verification: Please answer these simple questions:   10 + 6 =     This website is about
          




MaltaWildPlants.com is supported by:
[ EcoGozo, Ministry for Gozo ] [ Projects in Motion ] [ Sunrise Pet & Garden Centre] [ MycoMalta ]
Webpage is copyright of Stephen Mifsud / www.MaltaWildPlants.com - (2002-2021)