by Stephen Mifsud
   13 Jun 2024      ()
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Rosa gallica   (Provence Rose)

Rosa gallica  (ROSACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Dec-2007 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Rosa gallica - datasheet created on Dec-2007. Retrieved from on 13-Jun-2024

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Rosa gallicaL.
Published in Sp. Pl. : 492 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Rosa crenulata Greene
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Rosaceae L. (The Rose Family)
34 species from the Rosaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Provence Rose, French Rose, Gallic Rose

Maltese name(s) :

Warda taż-żejt

Status for Malta :

Naturalised Alien. Species that was introduced in Malta after year 1492 (Columbus' discovery of the New World) and spreads and integrates to form established, non-invasive populations. Species may become become invasive if it widespreads rapidly.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Nano-Phanerophyte ( small trees to large shrubs, usually <5 m )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

April – June

Colour of Flowers:

Pink or Red


Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :


Planting in rural areas :

Encouraged to be planted in the wild that is in rural areas including ODZ.

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Botanical Description: Deciduous shrub 0.4-0.8 m, forming large patches. Stems with prickles and glandular setae. Leaflets 3-7, 20-60 x 18-30 mm, coriaceous, suborbicular or ovate to narrowly elliptical, rounded at the apex, usually compound-serrate, dull bluish-green and glabrous above, paler, pubescent and glandular beneath. Flowers solitary, rarely 2-4,6-9 cm in diameter, strongly scented. Pedicels glandular-setose. Sepals glandular on the back. Petals (25-)30-45 mm, deep pink. Styles densely hairy, rarely glabrous. Fruit globose to fusiform, densely glandular-setose, bright red.
Distributional range: S. & C. Europe, extending to Belgium and C. France.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Albania, Austria and Liechtenstein, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czeck Republic and Slovakia, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Germany, Greece, Switzerland, Hungary, Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Poland, Romania, Russia and former USSR, Turkey (European part), Introduced in  Corse, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Portugal, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
Ab Al Au(A) -Be BH Bu Cg †Co Cs Ct Ga(F) Ge Gg Gr He Hu It Li Mk Mo Po Rf(C CS S) Rm ?Sa dSi(M S) Sk Sl Sr dTn Tu(A E) Uk(K U) [Bl(I M) Br cCy Ga(C) Ho Hs(S) Lu]

Links & Further literature (3 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Rediscovery of a rare gall on Rosa sempervirens induced by Diplolepis eglanteriae (Hartig, 1840)(Hymenoptera, Cynipidae) in Malta Stephen Mifsud  (2016)
A preliminary survey and taxonomy of wild roses (Rosa spp.) occurring on the Maltese Islands Stephen Mifsud  (2016)
A preliminary survey and taxonomy of wild roses (Rosa spp.) occurring on the Maltese Islands Stephen Mifsud  (2016)
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (9 images)
   Rosa gallica   -   Image Code: ROSGL-0.
   Rosa gallica   -   Image Code: ROSGL-1.
   Rosa gallica   -   Image Code: ROSGL-2.
   Rosa gallica   -   Image Code: ROSGL-3.
   Rosa gallica   -   Image Code: ROSGL-4.
   Rosa gallica   -   Image Code: ROSGL-5.
   Rosa gallica   -   Image Code: ROSGL-6.
   Rosa gallica   -   Image Code: ROSGL-7.
   Rosa gallica   -   Image Code: ROSGL-8.

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Section A:  Additional Information about this plant species
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Section B:   Where have you seen this plant on the Maltese Islands?
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