by Stephen Mifsud
   31 Jul 2021      ()
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Pyrus syriaca   (Syrian Pear)

Pyrus syriaca   (ROSACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Pyrus syriaca retrieved from on 2021-Jul-31

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Pyrus syriaca Boissier
Published in Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 2(10): 1 (1849)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

No Main Synonyms
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Rosaceae L. (The Rose Family)
34 species from the Rosaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Syrian Pear

Maltese name(s) :

Lanġas tal-Vant

Status for Malta :

Archeophyte. Non-native species, but introduced in Malta before 1492 when Columbus discovered the New World.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Macro-Phanerophyte (high trees usually over 10m )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Protected by law: schedule I of legal notice LN200/2011. (Strictly protected tree species)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:


Remarks :

Considerd as a wild type of pear in Malta but probably it is not native but an archeophyte. It was used as rootstock to grow commercial pears, because it has the advantage to resist draught and arid situations and can grow in different types of soil. The populations in Malta and Gozo live in the wild without the intervention of man. The fruit is small and not palatable.

Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Botanical Description:

Small, round-headed tree up to 10 m, with spiny branches. Twigs grey but reddish-brown when young, always glabrous. Leaves 3-9 x 1.5-3 cm, oblong-lanceolate, serrulate or crenulate, coriaceous,shining, glabrous; petiole 2-5 cm, slender. Corymbs glabrous except for the sepals. Sepals 5 x 2.5 mm, lanceolate, tomentose; petals 10-12 mm, orbicular-elliptical. Fruit 3-3.5 cm in diameter, globose to turbinate; pedicel 2.5-4 cm, stout; calyx persistent.

Distributional range:

Cultivated locally, and occasionally naturalized.

Native region outside Europe:

(S.W. Asia.)

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

Introduced in  Hungary

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

Ar Cy Ir Jo Le Sy -Tn Tu(A) [Cs cHu]

Images (7 images)
   Pyrus syriaca   -   Image Code: PYRSY-0.
   Pyrus syriaca   -   Image Code: PYRSY-1.
   Pyrus syriaca   -   Image Code: PYRSY-2.
   Pyrus syriaca   -   Image Code: PYRSY-3.
   Pyrus syriaca   -   Image Code: PYRSY-4.
   Pyrus syriaca   -   Image Code: PYRSY-5.
   Pyrus syriaca   -   Image Code: PYRSY-6.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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