by Stephen Mifsud
   23 Jun 2024      ()
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Pyrus syriaca   (Syrian Pear)

Pyrus syriaca  (ROSACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Jul-2009 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Pyrus syriaca - datasheet created on Jul-2009. Retrieved from on 23-Jun-2024

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Pyrus syriacaBoiss.
Published in Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 2(10): 1 (1849)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Pyrus bovei Steud.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Rosaceae L. (The Rose Family)
34 species from the Rosaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Syrian Pear

Maltese name(s) :

Lanġas tal-Vant

Status for Malta :

Archeophyte. Non-native species, but introduced in Malta before 1492 (Columbus' discovery of the New World) but usually been on the Islands more than 1000 years.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Macro-Phanerophyte ( high trees usually over 10 m high )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Protected by law: Schedule I of legal notice [S.L. 549.123] (Strictly protected tree species)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

February – April

Colour of Flowers:



Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :


Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Remarks :

Considerd as a wild type of pear in Malta but probably it is not native but an archeophyte. It was used as rootstock to grow commercial pears, because it has the advantage to resist draught and arid situations and can grow in different types of soil. The populations in Malta and Gozo live in the wild without the intervention of man. The fruit is small and not palatable.

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Botanical Description: Small, round-headed tree up to 10 m, with spiny branches. Twigs grey but reddish-brown when young, always glabrous. Leaves 3-9 x 1.5-3 cm, oblong-lanceolate, serrulate or crenulate, coriaceous,shining, glabrous; petiole 2-5 cm, slender. Corymbs glabrous except for the sepals. Sepals 5 x 2.5 mm, lanceolate, tomentose; petals 10-12 mm, orbicular-elliptical. Fruit 3-3.5 cm in diameter, globose to turbinate; pedicel 2.5-4 cm, stout; calyx persistent.
Distributional range: Cultivated locally, and occasionally naturalized.
Native region outside Europe: (S.W. Asia.)

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Introduced in  Hungary
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
Ar Cy Ir Jo Le Sy -Tn Tu(A) [Cs cHu]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (7 images)
   Pyrus syriaca   -   Image Code: PYRSY-0.
   Pyrus syriaca   -   Image Code: PYRSY-1.
   Pyrus syriaca   -   Image Code: PYRSY-2.
   Pyrus syriaca   -   Image Code: PYRSY-3.
   Pyrus syriaca   -   Image Code: PYRSY-4.
   Pyrus syriaca   -   Image Code: PYRSY-5.
   Pyrus syriaca   -   Image Code: PYRSY-6.

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