by Stephen Mifsud
   12 Jun 2024      ()
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Prunus dulcis   (Almond)

Prunus dulcis  (ROSACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Dec-2007 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Prunus dulcis - datasheet created on Dec-2007. Retrieved from on 12-Jun-2024

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Prunus dulcis(Mill.) Rchb.
Published in Feddes Repert. 74: 24 (1967)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Prunus amygdalus Stokes
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Rosaceae L. (The Rose Family)
34 species from the Rosaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Almond, Sweet Almond, Bitter Almond

Maltese name(s) :

Lewża, Siġra tal-Lewż

Status for Malta :

Archeophyte. Non-native species, but introduced in Malta before 1492 (Columbus' discovery of the New World) but usually been on the Islands more than 1000 years.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Macro-Phanerophyte ( high trees usually over 10 m high )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

December – February

Colour of Flowers:

White or Pink


Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :


Planting in rural areas :

Encouraged to be planted in the wild that is in rural areas including ODZ.

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Botanical Description: Shrub or tree up to 8 m, in wild plants spiny and intricately branched, in cultivated plants with straight, spineless branches. Leaves 4-12 x 1.2-3 cm, oblong-lanceolate, crenate-serrate, glabrous. Flowers mostly in pairs; hypanthium broadly campanulate; sepals tomentose at least on the margin; petals c. 20 mm, bright pink in bud,fading to pale pink or almost white. Fruit 35-60 mm, ovoid-oblong, compressed, tomentose, grey-green; mesocarp coriaceous, eventually splitting and separating away from the finely pitted, keeled endocarp.
Distributional range: Extensively cultivated for its edible seeds (almonds) as a field crop in S. & S.C. Europe, and in gardens for ornament further north frequently naturalized in the Mediterranean region.
Native region outside Europe: (C. & S.W. Asia, N. Africa.)

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Introduced in Albania, Austria and Liechtenstein, the Balaeric Islands, Bulgaria, Corse, Crete, Czeck Republic and Slovakia, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Germany, Greece, Switzerland, Hungary, Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Portugal, Romania, Russia and former USSR, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta, Turkey (European part)
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
Ir Jo Le Sy Tu(A) [Ag cAl Ar cAu(A) cBl Bl(I M N) Bu Ca(C F G P T) Co cCr cCs Ct Cy cGa cGe cGg cGr He Hs(S) cHu It Li Lu Ma Mk cMo cRf(S) cRm cSa Si(M) cSi(S) cSk Sr Tn cTu(E) cUk(K U)]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (17 images)
   Prunus dulcis   -   Image Code: PRNDU-0.
   Prunus dulcis   -   Image Code: PRNDU-1.
   Prunus dulcis   -   Image Code: PRNDU-2.
   Prunus dulcis   -   Image Code: PRNDU-3.
   Prunus dulcis   -   Image Code: PRNDU-4.
   Prunus dulcis   -   Image Code: PRNDU-5.
   Prunus dulcis   -   Image Code: PRNDU-6.
   Prunus dulcis   -   Image Code: PRNDU-7.
   Prunus dulcis   -   Image Code: PRNDU-8.
   Prunus dulcis   -   Image Code: PRNDU-9.
   Prunus dulcis   -   Image Code: PRNDU-10.
   Prunus dulcis   -   Image Code: PRNDU-11.
   Prunus dulcis   -   Image Code: PRNDU-12.
   Prunus dulcis   -   Image Code: PRNDU-13.
   Prunus dulcis   -   Image Code: PRNDU-14.
   Prunus dulcis   -   Image Code: PRNDU-15.
   Prunus dulcis   -   Image Code: PRNDU-16.

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