by Stephen Mifsud
   22 Jun 2024      ()
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Adonis microcarpa   (Pheasant's Eye)

Adonis microcarpa  (RANUNCULACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Mar-2006 (taxon update: Mar-2006)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Adonis microcarpa - datasheet created on Mar-2006. Retrieved from on 22-Jun-2024

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Adonis microcarpaDC
Published in Reg. Veg. Syst. Nat. 1: 223 (1817)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Adonis aestivalis Link ex Webb & Berthel.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Ranunculaceae Juss. (The Buttercup Family)
23 species from the Ranunculaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Pheasant's Eye, Small-Fruited Pheasant's Eye, Red Chamomille

Maltese name(s) :

Għajn is-Serduq, Għallet is-Serduq

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: THEROPHYTE ( annual plants, herbaceous )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Protected by law: Schedule VIII of [S.L. 549.44] (Exploitation subject to management measures)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

March – May

Colour of Flowers:

Red or Orange


Mildy toxic, can cause adverse conditions if consumed in large quantities

Name Derivation :

Adonis: According to Greek mythology, the flower is supposed to have sprung from the blood of Adonis who was gored to death by a wild boar. He was beloved of Aphrodite and by some accounts was unsuccessfully wooed by her. Adonis was regarded by the Greeks as the god of plants. It was believed that he disappeared into the earth in autumn and winter only to reappear in spring and summer. To celebrate his return, the Greeks adopted the Semitic custom of making Adonis gardens, consisting of clay pots of quickly growing seeds. (Greek origin ); 2 = Further Info: [1] [2].
microcarpa: literally meaning 'tiny fruit', referring to the very small fruit of this species in comparison to the fruit of other species of Adonis. (Greek origin );

Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Found mainly near fields. Also in soil-rich pockets on wasteground or even garigue.
Botanical Description: Same as Adonis aestivalis but the stems 10-25(-50) cm; petals usually yellow; achenes 2.5-4 mm, with or without a transverse ridge; upper projection from inner edge of achene close to the beak.
Distributional range: S. Europe.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Albania, the Balaeric Islands, †Bu Corse, Crete, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Greece, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Portugal, Russia and former USSR, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta, Turkey (European part)
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
? AE(G) Ag Al Bl(I M N) -Bu Co Cr Ct Cy Eg Ga(F) Gr Hs(S) Ir It Jo Le Li Lu Ma ?Mk Sa Si(M S) Sl SM Sn Sr Sy Tn Tu(A E) [Ca(C F L P T) aGe Md(P)]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (14 images)
   Adonis microcarpa   -   Image Code: ADNMC-0.
   Adonis microcarpa   -   Image Code: ADNMC-1.
   Adonis microcarpa   -   Image Code: ADNMC-2.
   Adonis microcarpa   -   Image Code: ADNMC-3.
   Adonis microcarpa   -   Image Code: ADNMC-4.
   Adonis microcarpa   -   Image Code: ADNMC-5.
   Adonis microcarpa   -   Image Code: ADNMC-6.
   Adonis microcarpa   -   Image Code: ADNMC-7.
   Adonis microcarpa   -   Image Code: ADNMC-8.
   Adonis microcarpa   -   Image Code: ADNMC-9.
   Adonis microcarpa   -   Image Code: ADNMC-10.
   Adonis microcarpa   -   Image Code: ADNMC-11.
   Adonis microcarpa   -   Image Code: ADNMC-12.
   Adonis microcarpa   -   Image Code: ADNMC-13.

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