by Stephen Mifsud
   22 Jun 2024      ()
External Links:

Chelidonium majus   (Greater Celandine)

Chelidonium majus  (PAPAVERACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

Page Contents + Links

General Information Species Images
External Links Support and sales
Submit information Facebook community
Sponsors & Adverts Copyright notes
Papaveraceae Index Plant Family Index
This profile is brought to you by one of the website's sponsors.
[read more...]
Profile Date Oct-2007 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Chelidonium majus - datasheet created on Oct-2007. Retrieved from on 22-Jun-2024

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Chelidonium majusL.
Published in Sp. Pl. : 505 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Chelidonium laciniatum Mill.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Papaveraceae Juss. (The Poppy Family)
9 species from the Papaveraceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Greater Celandine

Maltese name(s) :

Ħaxixa tal-felul

Status for Malta :

Casual or accidental alien. Species that was introduced in Malta rather recently and normally it is short-lived or resticted to small populations for a short time, without becoming widespread or invasive.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: HEMICRYPTOPHYTE ( prostate plants with flowers close to the ground )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

April – June

Colour of Flowers:



Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :

majus: Bigger, larger, greater, superior. This term was often given to plants which are larger or 'more important' compared to other species in the same genus (sometime referred as minor or lesser). (Latin origin )

Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Shady banks and walls.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Botanical Description: Glaucous, sparsely pubescent perennial. Stems 30-90 cm. Leaves pinnate; leaflets 5-7, ovate to oblong, the terminal usually 3-lobed, the lateral often with a stipule-like lobe at base on lower side, all crenate or (var. laciniatum (Miller) Syme) deeply incised. Inflorescence an umbel of 2-6 flowers. Petals up to 1 cm, obovate, bright yellow. Stamens yellow; filaments expanded above. Capsule 3-5 cm, more or less straight, glabrous; aril white.
Chromosome number: 2n=12
Distributional range: Europe, except the extreme north, but in some districts only as an escape from gardens.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
All except Crete, Faroe Islands, Iceland, Svalbard archipelago, only as a naturalized alien in Ireland, and perhaps elsewhere
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
Ab Ag Al Ar Au(A) Az(C F G J L M P T) Be(B L) BH Bl(M N) Br Bu By Ca(H T) Cg Co -Cr Cs Ct Da Es Fe Ga(F) Ge Gg Gr He Ho Hs(A S) Hu It La Lt Lu Ma Mk Mo No Po Rf(C N NW S) Rm Sa Si(M S) Sk Sl Su Tu(A E) Uk(K) [nHb]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (7 images)
   Chelidonium majus   -   Image Code: CDMMJ-0.
   Chelidonium majus   -   Image Code: CDMMJ-1.
   Chelidonium majus   -   Image Code: CDMMJ-2.
   Chelidonium majus   -   Image Code: CDMMJ-3.
   Chelidonium majus   -   Image Code: CDMMJ-4.
   Chelidonium majus   -   Image Code: CDMMJ-5.
   Chelidonium majus   -   Image Code: CDMMJ-6.

Buy Seeds and Docs
Sales of seeds of wild plants for academic studies, research or personal use. Note that not all species seeds can be exported - depending on Maltese regulations and CITES, and availability depends on season. You are hence kindly requested to first fill and submit a quotation form by which you will get confirmation of the purchase, availability and charges. Currently local orders are not taken.   Online Quotation (Seeds)

Buy images found in this large online collection of Maltese flora photographed by the author (Stephen Mifsud). Prices reasonable and rated differently according size and resolution. Buying images for your projects will support this website. When placing an order please take note of the image code specific for every image in the corresponding species webpage (found beneath each individual photo) since this is required when filling the online ordering form. Images are normally sold as a license with the copyright reserved to the author, but sales of copyright of exceptional images can be considered.   Online Purchase (Images)
Kindly consider to support this website by giving a small donation. This will help to cover some expenses needed to maintain the website and its further development without any adverts. Please login into your PayPal account and use the email: as email address to send your donation   Online Donation

Use this form to submit more information on this species or report mistakes in this webpage. If information supplied is taken from a book, journal or website, please provide the corresponding reference or website address. Your email address is only for internal communication. Please report only Maltese locations for plants that indicated as rare or very rare (refer to the nomenclature section above). Please do report mistakes, broken links, technical errors, typing / grammar errors, misidentifications or taxonomical updates; this will help to improve the website's accuracy. Thanks you! Fill any of the three sections (A/B/C) below and kindly submit the form.     * = required fields.
Plant Species:  *
Your name:   * Your Email:   *
Section A:  Additional Information about this plant species
Own observations: Info from published material (books, journals, website):
Reference of published material:
Section B:   Where have you seen this plant on the Maltese Islands?
Locations in Malta or Gozo where you have seen this plant. Only applies for rare plants.

1:       2:       3:   
4:       5:       6:   
Try to be as concise as possible. Examples: Dingli Cliffs (near chapel), Wied Incita (Zebbug side), Triq il-Kbira (Qormi), Barriera ta' Ghajn Abdul (Xlendi), Fields East of Salib tal-gholja (Siggiewi). GPS co-ordinates are also welcomed!
Section C:  Corrections for mistakes and errors in this plant profile
Section of this page where you found an error (select one)
What is the error/mistake and suggest a correction
AntiSpam Verification: Please answer these simple questions:   90 + 8 =     This website is about
      is supported by:
[ EcoGozo, Ministry for Gozo ] [ Projects in Motion ] [ Sunrise Pet & Garden Centre] [ MycoMalta ]
Webpage is copyright of Stephen Mifsud / - (2002-2022)