by Stephen Mifsud
   5 Jun 2023      ()
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Crocus longiflorus   (Yellow-throated Crocus)

Crocus longiflorus  (IRIDACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Dec-2003 (taxon update: Dec-2003)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Crocus longiflorus - datasheet created on Dec-2003. Retrieved from on 05-Jun-2023

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Crocus longiflorusRaf.
Published in Caratt. 84 (1810)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Crocus odorus Biv.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Iridaceae Juss. (The Iris Family)
23 species from the Iridaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Yellow-throated Crocus

Maltese name(s) :

Żagħfran selvaġġ skars

Status for Malta :

Subendemic. Found in Malta and neighbouring territories such as in Sicily, Lampedusa, Pantelleria, and other islands.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: GEOPHYTE ( bearing underground bulbs, rhizomes, stolons, etc. )
Germination [info]: Monocotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Threatened status for the Maltese Islands and has been listed in the Red Data Book (1st ed.)

Flowering Time :

November – December

Colour of Flowers:



Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :

Crocus: old name for the plant saffron. (Both Latin and Greek origin) )
longiflorus: literally meaning long-flowered; for the long throat (neck) of the flower. ( )

Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Remarks :

Present in two locations, one of which is extensive and scattered within and area of about 8 square kilometres.

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Grassland and wood-margins.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Grassy land in rocky places and garigue.
Botanical Description: Corm-tunic finely fibrous, reticulate. Leaves 1-3 mm wide, present but sometimes very short at anthesis. Flowers 1-2, lilac to purple, often with darker veins externally; throat yellow, glabrous or sparsely pubescent. Prophyll present. Bracteole absent; bract membranous, white, tinged and veined with green towards the apex, well-exserted from the cataphylls. Perianth-tube 5-16 cm, yellow, sometimes with purple stripes; segments 2.2-4.3 x 0.7-1.6 cm, oblanceolate or obovate, obtuse to subacute. Anthers yellow. Style orange-red, rarely yellow, shorter than to exceeding the stamens, 3-branched; branches expanded and fimbriate or lobed at the apex. Capsule 1.2-1.5 cm, ellipsoid; seeds brown, subglobose; strophiole indistinct. Flowering from October to November.
Chromosome number: 2n=28
Distributional range: S.W. Italy, Sicilia, Malta.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), Sicily and/or Malta
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
It Si

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (44 images)
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-0.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-1.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-2.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-3.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-4.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-5.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-6.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-7.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-8.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-9.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-10.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-11.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-12.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-13.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-14.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-15.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-16.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-17.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-18.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-19.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-20.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-21.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-22.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-23.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-24.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-25.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-26.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-27.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-28.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-29.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-30.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-31.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-32.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-33.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-34.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-35.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-36.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-37.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-38.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-39.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-40.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-41.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-42.
   Crocus longiflorus   -   Image Code: CRCLF-43.

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Section B:   Where have you seen this plant on the Maltese Islands?
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