MaltaWildPlants.com by Stephen Mifsud
 
     
   13 Jun 2024      ()
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Aloe vera   (Yellow Aloe)


Aloe vera  (XANTHORRHOEACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Dec-2007 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Aloe vera - datasheet created on Dec-2007. Retrieved from MaltaWildPlants.com on 13-Jun-2024

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Aloe vera(L.) Burm.f.
Published in Sp. Pl. : 968 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Aloe barbadensis Mill.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] [Worldplants.de]

Plant Family :

Xanthorrhoeaceae (=Liliaceae) (The Family)
6 species from the Xanthorrhoeaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Yellow Aloe, Mediterranean Aloe, True Aloe

Maltese name(s) :

Sabbara

Status for Malta :

Archeophyte. Non-native species, but introduced in Malta before 1492 (Columbus' discovery of the New World) but usually been on the Islands more than 1000 years.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: CHAMEOPHYTE ( dwarf or small woody shrubs )
Germination [info]: Monocotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Threatened status for the Maltese Islands and has been listed in the Red Data Book (1st ed.)

Flowering Time :

April – September

Colour of Flowers:

Yellow

Toxicity:

Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :

Aloe: A very old name which seems to originate from the Arabic 'alloeh' or the Hebrew 'allal', both meaning bitter. Some sources also include the Greek word 'alsos', similarly referring to the bitter juice of the plant, but the arabic name was used earlier. (Arabic origin )
vera:

Planting in rural areas :

Cannot be planted in the wild (rural areas) since the species may be invasive but some exception may be permitted by ERA (see ERA guidelines)


Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Maritime sands and rocks.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Arid rocky ground usually near the sea. Also often seen cultivated in parks, gardens, hotels, and touristic establishments.
Botanical Description: Stoloniferous herb with numerous leaf-rosettes, basal or rarely terminating stems up to 10 cm; leaves 35-60 x 5-8 cm, narrowly triangular-lanceolate, glaucous, sometimes tinged with red, smooth on both surfaces. Inflorescence simple or with 1-2 branches. Racemes 30-50 x 5-6 cm; bracts 10 mm; pedicels 5 mm; flowers sharply deflexed. Perianth 25-30 mm, yellow; outer segments connate for 1/3 to 1/2 their length; inner segments adnate to outer in lower 1/3. Stamens exceeding perianth by 3-4 mm.
Distributional range: Mediterranean region, S. Portugal
Native region outside Europe: (?Arabia, N.E. Africa.)

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Introduced in  Crete, Greece, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), Portugal, Sicily and/or Malta
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
[AE(G) Ag Ca Cr Cy Gr Hs It Li Lu Md Si Tn Tu(A)]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate

Wikipedia

JSTOR

GBIF

Med Checklist

Cat. of Life

EoL

IPNI

World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium

MNHN

Arkive

IUCN

CABI
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (14 images)
   Aloe vera   -   Image Code: ALOVR-0.
   Aloe vera   -   Image Code: ALOVR-1.
   Aloe vera   -   Image Code: ALOVR-2.
   Aloe vera   -   Image Code: ALOVR-3.
   Aloe vera   -   Image Code: ALOVR-4.
   Aloe vera   -   Image Code: ALOVR-5.
   Aloe vera   -   Image Code: ALOVR-6.
   Aloe vera   -   Image Code: ALOVR-7.
   Aloe vera   -   Image Code: ALOVR-8.
   Aloe vera   -   Image Code: ALOVR-9.
   Aloe vera   -   Image Code: ALOVR-10.
   Aloe vera   -   Image Code: ALOVR-11.
   Aloe vera   -   Image Code: ALOVR-12.
   Aloe vera   -   Image Code: ALOVR-13.

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