by Stephen Mifsud
   13 Jun 2024      ()
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Drimia pancration   (Sea Squill)

Drimia pancration  (ASPARAGACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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General Information Species Images
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Profile Date Sep-2004 (taxon update: Aug-2013)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Drimia pancration - datasheet created on Sep-2004. Retrieved from on 13-Jun-2024

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Drimia pancration(Steinh.) J.C.Manning & Goldblatt
Published in Jour. Linn. Soc. London (Bot.) 13: 221 (1873)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Uriginea maritima (Steinh.) Baker
Synonym that was used for long in Malta: Urginea pancration (Steinheil) Phillippe
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Asparagaceae Juss. (=Liliaceae) (The Asparagus Family)
33 species from the Asparagaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Sea Squill, Sea Onion, White Squill

Maltese name(s) :

Basal tal-għansar, Għansar

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent    Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: GEOPHYTE ( bearing underground bulbs, rhizomes, stolons, etc. )
Germination [info]: Monocotyledon

Legal Protection :

Protected by law: Schedule VIII of [S.L. 549.44] (Exploitation subject to management measures)

Red List (1989) :

Threatened status for the Maltese Islands and has been listed in the Red Data Book (1st ed.)

Flowering Time :

August – October

Colour of Flowers:



Toxic, and may lead to irreversible damage or death if consumed in large quantities

Name Derivation :

pancration: Related or resembles the genus Pancratium which in turn is derived from the Greek word meaning All-potent (mighty) as used by Dioscorides (40 - 90 AD). (Greek origin )

Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Remarks :

Considered as endemic or subendemic by legal notice SL 549.44 but this species has a rather wide distribution in the central Mediterranean.

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Maritime sands and dry, rocky ground.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Garigue (disturbed), steppe, cliff tops, valley sides and rocky places. Rather common in several habitats
Botanical Description: Bulb 5-15 cm in diameter. Stem 50-150 cm. Leaves 30-100 cm x 30-100 mm, long-lanceolate, entire, appearing before the flowers. Inflorescence a long, dense raceme with more than 50 flowers; bracts subulate, often caducous, shorter than the pedicels; pedicels 10-30 mm, more or less erect. Perianth-segments 6-8 mm, oblong, whitish, with a green or purple mid-vein. Anthers c. 2.5 mm. Style equalling the stamens.
Chromosome number: 2n=20, 30, 40, 60, 64
Distributional range: Mediterranean region, Portugal.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Albania, the Balaeric Islands, Corse, Crete, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Greece, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Portugal, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
Ag Ga Hs It Lu Ma

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (51 images)
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-0.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-1.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-2.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-3.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-4.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-5.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-6.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-7.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-8.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-9.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-10.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-11.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-12.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-13.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-14.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-15.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-16.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-17.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-18.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-19.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-20.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-21.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-22.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-23.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-24.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-25.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-26.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-27.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-28.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-29.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-30.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-31.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-32.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-33.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-34.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-35.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-36.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-37.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-38.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-39.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-40.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-41.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-42.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-43.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-44.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-45.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-46.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-47.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-48.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-49.
   Drimia pancration   -   Image Code: URGPN-50.

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