by Stephen Mifsud
   22 Jun 2024      ()
External Links:

Hedera helix   (Ivy)

Hedera helix  (ARALIACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

Page Contents + Links

General Information Species Images
External Links Support and sales
Submit information Facebook community
Sponsors & Adverts Copyright notes
Araliaceae Index Plant Family Index
This profile is brought to you by one of the website's sponsors.
[read more...]
Profile Date Dec-2007 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Hedera helix - datasheet created on Dec-2007. Retrieved from on 22-Jun-2024

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Hedera helixL.
Published in Sp. Pl. 202 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Hedera communis Gray
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Araliaceae Juss. (The Aralia Family)
2 species from the Araliaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Ivy, English Ivy

Maltese name(s) :


Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Macro-Phanerophyte ( high trees usually over 10 m high )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

September – November

Colour of Flowers:

Yellow or Inconspicuous


Mildy toxic, can cause adverse conditions if consumed in large quantities

Name Derivation :

Hedera: The old latin name for Ivy which Linnaeus kept when describing the genus. (Latin origin )
helix: winding or twining, typically of climber plants like ivy. (Latin origin )

Planting in rural areas :

Encouraged to be planted in the wild that is in rural areas including ODZ.

Remarks :

Aggressive climber covering completely trees, walls and rock faces in shaded or damp areas. Sometimes found on the ground in wooded areas.

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Climbing on trees, rocks and walls, or covering the ground in woods.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Aggressive climber covering completely trees, walls and rock faces in shaded or damp areas. Occasionally found trailing on the ground in wooded areas.
Botanical Description: Stem up to 30 m, creeping or climbing. Young shoots and inflorescence densely covered with stellate to peltate hairs 0.15-0.4 mm in diameter, with (4-)6-16(-22) rays. Leaves shining, dark green, dimorphic; those of the flowering shoots (often absent in shady or cold situations) 6-10 x 2-12 cm, narrowly elliptical to suborbicular-cordate, entire; those of the non-flowering shoots up to 15 x 15 cm but usually much less, palmately 3- or 5-lobed. Petals 3-5 mm, yellowish-green, patent, later deflexed. Berry with 2-3 seeds.
Distributional range: W., C. & S. Europe, northwards to 60° 30' in Norway, and extending eastwards to Latvia and Ukraine.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
All Europe except Faroe Islands, Finland, Iceland, Svalbard archipelago, Russia and former USSR
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
Ag Al Au Be Bl Br Bt Bu By Co Cr Cy Cz Da Ga Ge Gr Hb He Ho Hs Hu IJ It Ju LS Lu No Po Rf(C CS NW S) Rm Sa Si Su Tcs Tn Tu(A E) Uk(U)

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (16 images)
   Hedera helix   -   Image Code: HDRHX-0.
   Hedera helix   -   Image Code: HDRHX-1.
   Hedera helix   -   Image Code: HDRHX-2.
   Hedera helix   -   Image Code: HDRHX-3.
   Hedera helix   -   Image Code: HDRHX-4.
   Hedera helix   -   Image Code: HDRHX-5.
   Hedera helix   -   Image Code: HDRHX-6.
   Hedera helix   -   Image Code: HDRHX-7.
   Hedera helix   -   Image Code: HDRHX-8.
   Hedera helix   -   Image Code: HDRHX-9.
   Hedera helix   -   Image Code: HDRHX-10.
   Hedera helix   -   Image Code: HDRHX-11.
   Hedera helix   -   Image Code: HDRHX-12.
   Hedera helix   -   Image Code: HDRHX-13.
   Hedera helix   -   Image Code: HDRHX-14.
   Hedera helix   -   Image Code: HDRHX-15.

Buy Seeds and Docs
Sales of seeds of wild plants for academic studies, research or personal use. Note that not all species seeds can be exported - depending on Maltese regulations and CITES, and availability depends on season. You are hence kindly requested to first fill and submit a quotation form by which you will get confirmation of the purchase, availability and charges. Currently local orders are not taken.   Online Quotation (Seeds)

Buy images found in this large online collection of Maltese flora photographed by the author (Stephen Mifsud). Prices reasonable and rated differently according size and resolution. Buying images for your projects will support this website. When placing an order please take note of the image code specific for every image in the corresponding species webpage (found beneath each individual photo) since this is required when filling the online ordering form. Images are normally sold as a license with the copyright reserved to the author, but sales of copyright of exceptional images can be considered.   Online Purchase (Images)
Kindly consider to support this website by giving a small donation. This will help to cover some expenses needed to maintain the website and its further development without any adverts. Please login into your PayPal account and use the email: as email address to send your donation   Online Donation

Use this form to submit more information on this species or report mistakes in this webpage. If information supplied is taken from a book, journal or website, please provide the corresponding reference or website address. Your email address is only for internal communication. Please report only Maltese locations for plants that indicated as rare or very rare (refer to the nomenclature section above). Please do report mistakes, broken links, technical errors, typing / grammar errors, misidentifications or taxonomical updates; this will help to improve the website's accuracy. Thanks you! Fill any of the three sections (A/B/C) below and kindly submit the form.     * = required fields.
Plant Species:  *
Your name:   * Your Email:   *
Section A:  Additional Information about this plant species
Own observations: Info from published material (books, journals, website):
Reference of published material:
Section B:   Where have you seen this plant on the Maltese Islands?
Locations in Malta or Gozo where you have seen this plant. Only applies for rare plants.

1:       2:       3:   
4:       5:       6:   
Try to be as concise as possible. Examples: Dingli Cliffs (near chapel), Wied Incita (Zebbug side), Triq il-Kbira (Qormi), Barriera ta' Ghajn Abdul (Xlendi), Fields East of Salib tal-gholja (Siggiewi). GPS co-ordinates are also welcomed!
Section C:  Corrections for mistakes and errors in this plant profile
Section of this page where you found an error (select one)
What is the error/mistake and suggest a correction
AntiSpam Verification: Please answer these simple questions:   10 + 9 =     This website is about
      is supported by:
[ EcoGozo, Ministry for Gozo ] [ Projects in Motion ] [ Sunrise Pet & Garden Centre] [ MycoMalta ]
Webpage is copyright of Stephen Mifsud / - (2002-2022)