by Stephen Mifsud
   22 Jun 2024      ()
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Daucus gingidium   (Sea Carrot)

Daucus gingidium  (APIACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Dec-2007 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Daucus gingidium - datasheet created on Dec-2007. Retrieved from on 22-Jun-2024

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Daucus gingidiumL.
Published in Sp. Pl.: 242. 1753

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Daucus carota subsp. drepanensis (Arcang.) Heywood
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Apiaceae Lindl. (=Umbelliferea) (The Carrot Family)
34 species from the Apiaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Sea Carrot

Maltese name(s) :

Zunnarija tal-baħar

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: HEMICRYPTOPHYTE ( prostate plants with flowers close to the ground )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

May – July

Colour of Flowers:



Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :


Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Remarks :

The taxonomy of this species is very controversial but latest trends seems to include it in Daucus carota as the subspecies drepanensis. Some authors persist that it deserves its own species rank, considering the differences to be very distinct. Indeed it is a much more robust plant with larger, glossy leaves and umbels that remain hemi-spherical in fruiting (funnel-shaped in D. carota s. str.). Another closely related and controversial species is Daucus rupestris, also recorded from Malta, but further research should be carried out to determine the exact taxonomy of this complex. Preliminary studies suggested intermediates too, making the situation even more complex.

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Coastal areas and low maritime cliffs
Preferred habitat in Malta: Coastal areas and shores occurring inland up to 200–300m away from the shore, preferring abandoned fields, valley sides and dry valley beds, sometimes garigue and disturbed areas.
Botanical Description: Similar to Daucus carota s. l. but much more robust and larger plant reaching up to 1.8m high. Leaves larger with wider leaflets and distinctly glossy and polished above. Umbels much larger and hemispherical, remaining in this shape when in fruit unlike D. carota subsp. carota which is flat in flower and becomes funnel-shaped in fruit. The habitat also differ by being more coastal and never found more than 400-500m from the coast. The spinules on the seeds are longer than D. carota
Distributional range: Mediterranean region

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (9 images)
   Daucus gingidium   -   Image Code: DAUGG-0.
   Daucus gingidium   -   Image Code: DAUGG-1.
   Daucus gingidium   -   Image Code: DAUGG-2.
   Daucus gingidium   -   Image Code: DAUGG-3.
   Daucus gingidium   -   Image Code: DAUGG-4.
   Daucus gingidium   -   Image Code: DAUGG-5.
   Daucus gingidium   -   Image Code: DAUGG-6.
   Daucus gingidium   -   Image Code: DAUGG-7.
   Daucus gingidium   -   Image Code: DAUGG-8.

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Section B:   Where have you seen this plant on the Maltese Islands?
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