by Stephen Mifsud
   22 Jun 2024      ()
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Daucus carota   (Wild Carrot)

Daucus carota  (APIACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Dec-2007 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Daucus carota - datasheet created on Dec-2007. Retrieved from on 22-Jun-2024

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Daucus carotaL.
Published in Sp. Pl. 242 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Daucus foliosus Gussone
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Apiaceae Lindl. (=Umbelliferea) (The Carrot Family)
34 species from the Apiaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Wild Carrot, Queen Anne's Lace

Maltese name(s) :

Zunnarija salvaġġa, Karrotti salvaġġ, Bejt id-Durrajs

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent    Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: HEMICRYPTOPHYTE ( prostate plants with flowers close to the ground )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

March – May

Colour of Flowers:



May cause allergic reactions or irritation in contact with the skin or mucous membranes

Name Derivation :


Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Remarks :

Very variable species present in different forms depending the habitat and environmental conditions. Some species like D. lopadosanus and D. rupestris are included by some authors within the variety of D. carota s.l. Studies on this highly debatable species complex are still ongoing.

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Many rocky and exposed habitats such as steppe, garigue and scrub.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Various habitats but mostly in abandoned or neglected fields, wasteground and ruderal in road margins.
Botanical Description: Annual or biennial, variable in habit and branching; stems 10-100(-150) cm, glabrous to hispid. Leaves 2- to 3-pinnate, rarely less divided, the segments linear to lanceolate, glabrous to pubescent, thin or fleshy; upper cauline leaves often bract-like. Umbels concave, flat or convex, with a variable number of rays. Bracts as long as the rays or shorter, 1- to 2-pinnatisect; bracteoles of outer partial umbels 3-sect, those of the inner simple. Petals white to purplish, often with one or several flowers of the central umbel dark purple. Fruit 2-4 mm; spines on the secondary ridges not longer than the width of the mericarps.
Chromosome number: 2n=18
Distributional range: Most of Europe.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
All Europe except Faroe Islands, Iceland, Svalbard archipelago, alien in Finland, Russia and former USSR
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
? Ab(A N) Ag Al Au(A L) Az ?Az(F G J M) Be(B L) Bl(M N) Br Bu Co Cr Cs Ct Da Es Ga(F) Ge Gr Hb(E N) He Ho Hs(S) Hu It La Li Lt Lu Ma Md(M) Po Rf(CS) Rm Sa Si(S) Sk Su Tn Tu(E) Uk(K) [Cy nFe aLS nNo]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (18 images)
   Daucus carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-0.
   Daucus carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-1.
   Daucus carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-2.
   Daucus carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-3.
   Daucus carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-4.
   Daucus carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-5.
   Daucus carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-6.
   Daucus carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-7.
   Daucus carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-8.
   Daucus carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-9.
   Daucus carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-10.
   Daucus carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-11.
   Daucus carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-12.
   Daucus carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-13.
   Daucus carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-14.
   Daucus carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-15.
   Daucus carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-16.
   Daucus carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-17.

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