by Stephen Mifsud
   22 Jun 2024      ()
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Bupleurum lancifolium   (Spear-leaved Hare's Ear)

Bupleurum lancifolium  (APIACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Dec-2007 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Bupleurum lancifolium - datasheet created on Dec-2007. Retrieved from on 22-Jun-2024

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Bupleurum lancifoliumHornem.
Published in Hort. Hafn. 267 (1813)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Bupleurum heterophyllum Link
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Apiaceae Lindl. (=Umbelliferea) (The Carrot Family)
34 species from the Apiaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Spear-leaved Hare's Ear, Lance-leaved Thorow wax

Maltese name(s) :

Widnet il-fenek

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: THEROPHYTE ( annual plants, herbaceous )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

April – May

Colour of Flowers:



Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :

lancifolium: Leaves having the shape of a lance; broadest at the lowest third and tapering gradually to a narrow apex, cuneate at the base. (Latin origin )

Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Arable land and other dry, open habitats.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Garigue, rocky valley sides and abandoned fields
Botanical Description: Erect, glaucous, often purple-tinged annual 15-75 cm. Leaves ovate- or oblong-lanceolate. Rays 2-3(-5), often somewhat thickened at base and apex. Bracteoles 5-6, suborbicular, mucronate (-acuminate), shortly connate at base, yellowish-green and patent in flower, becoming whitish and connivent in fruit; veins conspicuous. Fruit 3-5 mm, ovoid-globose, conspicuously tuberculate
Distributional range: S. Europe

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Albania, the Balaeric Islands, Corse, Crete, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Greece, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Portugal, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta, Turkey (European part), Introduced in  Austria and Liechtenstein, Belgium, Britain (excl. Northern Ireland and Channel islands)
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
Ag Al BH Bl(M N) Cg Co Cr Ct Cy Eg Ga(F) Gr Hs(S) Ir It Jo Le Li Lu Ma dMd(M P) -Sa Si(M) ?Si(S) Sl Sn Sy Tn Tu(A E) [Au Be Br Ca(C T) Ho]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (12 images)
   Bupleurum lancifolium   -   Image Code: BPLLN-0.
   Bupleurum lancifolium   -   Image Code: BPLLN-1.
   Bupleurum lancifolium   -   Image Code: BPLLN-2.
   Bupleurum lancifolium   -   Image Code: BPLLN-3.
   Bupleurum lancifolium   -   Image Code: BPLLN-4.
   Bupleurum lancifolium   -   Image Code: BPLLN-5.
   Bupleurum lancifolium   -   Image Code: BPLLN-6.
   Bupleurum lancifolium   -   Image Code: BPLLN-7.
   Bupleurum lancifolium   -   Image Code: BPLLN-8.
   Bupleurum lancifolium   -   Image Code: BPLLN-9.
   Bupleurum lancifolium   -   Image Code: BPLLN-10.
   Bupleurum lancifolium   -   Image Code: BPLLN-11.

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