by Stephen Mifsud
   22 Jun 2024      ()
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Allium polyanthum   (Many-flowered garlic)

Allium polyanthum  (AMARYLLIDACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Jul-2018 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Allium polyanthum - datasheet created on Jul-2018. Retrieved from on 22-Jun-2024

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Allium polyanthumSchult. & Schult. fil.
Published in Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 7: 1016 (1830)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Allium ampeloprasum subsp. polyanthum (Schult. & Schult. f.) O.Bolòs & al.
Synonym that was used for long in Malta: Allium commutatum Gussone
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Amaryllidaceae Jaume St.-Hil (The Daffodil or Amaryllis Family)
28 species from the Amaryllidaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Many-flowered garlic

Maltese name(s) :

Kurrat selvaġġ

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent    Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: GEOPHYTE ( bearing underground bulbs, rhizomes, stolons, etc. )
Germination [info]: Monocotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

May – June

Colour of Flowers:

Pink, Violet or White


Mildy toxic, can cause adverse conditions if consumed in large quantities

Name Derivation :

Allium: The classical Latin name for garlic. (Latin origin )

Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Remarks :

The taxon Allium melitense previously assumed to be an endemic species for the Maltese Islands, was found to correspond to small forms or ecotypes within the range of A. polyanthum from a study conducted by Stephen Mifsud and Owen Mifsud in 2018. Some authors lump several closely related species with A. ampeloprasum, which is here considered too much excesive for distinct species like A. polyanthum. A. babingtonii and A. porrum. Allium polyanthum was recently reported from Malta after a study on a section of the genus Allium by Stephen Mifsud and Owen Mifsud in 2018. In the past it most of the populations was thought to be A. commutatum and the endemic Allium melitense but the latter was synonymised with A. polyanthum, and the former is very rare in Malta and only two population are known to exist according to the study mentioned above.

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Steppe, degraded garigue, derelict fields
Botanical Description: Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
Bl Co Ga Hs It Ma

Links & Further literature (1 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




A revision of Allium subsect. Allium (Amaryllidaceae) for the Maltese Islands Stephen Mifsud & Owen Mifsud  (2018)
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (13 images)
   Allium polyanthum   -   Image Code: ALLPA-0.
   Allium polyanthum   -   Image Code: ALLPA-1.
   Allium polyanthum   -   Image Code: ALLPA-2.
   Allium polyanthum   -   Image Code: ALLPA-3.
   Allium polyanthum   -   Image Code: ALLPA-4.
   Allium polyanthum   -   Image Code: ALLPA-5.
   Allium polyanthum   -   Image Code: ALLPA-6.
   Allium polyanthum   -   Image Code: ALLPA-7.
   Allium polyanthum   -   Image Code: ALLPA-8.
   Allium polyanthum   -   Image Code: ALLPA-9.
   Allium polyanthum   -   Image Code: ALLPA-10.
   Allium polyanthum   -   Image Code: ALLPA-11.
   Allium polyanthum   -   Image Code: ALLPA-12.

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