by Stephen Mifsud
   22 Oct 2020      ()
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Daucus rupestris   (Cliff Carrot)

Daucus rupestris   (APIACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Daucus rupestris retrieved from on 2020-Oct-22

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Daucus rupestris Gussone
Published in Feddes Repert. 79: 68 (1968)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Daucus carota var. rupestris (Gussone) Fiori & Beguinot
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Apiaceae Lindl. (=Umbelliferea) (The Carrot Family)
34 species from the Apiaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Cliff Carrot

Maltese name(s) :

Zunnarija tal-blat

Status for Malta :

Subendemic. Found in Malta and neighbouring territories such as in south Sicily, Lampedusa, Pantelleria, etc.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: HEMICRYPTOPHYTE (prostate plants with flowers close to the ground)
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Protected by law: schedule III of legal notice LN311/2006. (Conservation requires the designation of SAC)

Red List (1989) :

This species has a threatened status and is listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:


Remarks :

The taxonomy of this species is debatable but recent studies are placing it in Daucus carota subsp. drepanensis. The type of this taxon is a small plant that differs to the plants found in Malta, which instead are very closely related to Daucus gingidium but somewhat are more hispid and have less glossy leaves, maybe they are an intermediate with D. carota s. s. Further investigations should be carried out on this species in relation with the other infraspecific taxa (related species) of D. carota.

Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Coastal areas and low maritime cliffs

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Coastal areas and shores occurring inland up to 100–200m away from the shore, preferring cliffs and rocky escarpments and sides.

Botanical Description:

Annual or biennial, variable in habit and branching; stems 10-40 cm, densely pubescent. Leaves 2- to 3-pinnate, pubescent-hispid, with linear to lanceolate segments, somewhat fleshy; upper cauline leaves often bract-like. Pinnae forming an acute angle with the rhachis. Umbels convex or only slightly contracted in fruit. Bracts as long as the rays or shorter, 1- to 2-pinnatisect; bracteoles of outer partial umbels 3-sect, those of the inner simple. Petals white to purplish, often with one or several flowers of the central umbel dark purple. Fruit 2-4 mm; spines on the secondary ridges not longer than the width of the mericarps.

Distributional range:

Pelago-Maltese endemic

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

Malta Lampedusa Lampesina

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

?Co ?Sa ?It Si(M S)

Images (13 images)
   Daucus rupestris   -   Image Code: DAURU-0.
   Daucus rupestris   -   Image Code: DAURU-1.
   Daucus rupestris   -   Image Code: DAURU-2.
   Daucus rupestris   -   Image Code: DAURU-3.
   Daucus rupestris   -   Image Code: DAURU-4.
   Daucus rupestris   -   Image Code: DAURU-5.
   Daucus rupestris   -   Image Code: DAURU-6.
   Daucus rupestris   -   Image Code: DAURU-7.
   Daucus rupestris   -   Image Code: DAURU-8.
   Daucus rupestris   -   Image Code: DAURU-9.
   Daucus rupestris   -   Image Code: DAURU-10.
   Daucus rupestris   -   Image Code: DAURU-11.
   Daucus rupestris   -   Image Code: DAURU-12.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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